Obviously, the best way to answer this question is to simply show you. The videos below are phenomenal examples of the kind of emotion, power, and speed that the Spanish bagpipe (la gaita) can produce.
The first and third videos feature gaiteros (Spanish bagpipers) on the gaita gallega (the bagpipe from Galicia). The second video features a gaitero playing the gaita asturiana (the bagpipe from Asturias).
Emotion: Cristina Pato is one of my favorite Spanish bagpipe musicians. This video of her on the gaita gallega is a sound-trip into another world—a raw, emotional cry from within.
Power: Hevia plays a mean gaita asturiana. It’s crescendo-power is like a great yawp from a mountain top. When you’re up there, it seems like nothing can touch you.
Speed: Carlos Nunez is the Jimi Hendrix of la gaita gallega. His flamenco-fire-fingering is incendiary and may light you on fire. ¡Viva la gaita!
As you can see from the picture, the quick answer to the question “Do Spanish Bagpipers Wear Kilts?” is no. Galicia and Asturias, the northwest regions of Spain, may be a Celtic relative to Ireland and Scotland, but the epic kilt is one thing not shared in common. The picture to the left is what a traditional “gaitero” (Spanish bagpiper) wears. As you can see, many women in Galicia and Asturias also play the gaita (Spanish bagpipe) and they have their own traditional clothing as well. The outfits can vary from person, group, and region, but they still maintain the same general look overall. You’ll notice, too, that sometimes they wear some pretty interesting hats (see below). Thanks to a reader, Maria Jenson, I was able to discover the correct name for it—the hat is called a montera picona. As for the history/evolution of the hats, apparently, the pointy triangles sticking up on the hats used to be the same size on both sides and able to come down and cover the ears for warmth in the winter. Over time, the hats became so associated with gaita music and tradition that the general look of the hat became more important than its actual functionality. Today, the triangle on one or both sides of the hat sticks stiff and straight up and is a part of just about every traditional gaitero’s outfit. See below for more pics of traditional gaiteros!